1. Stroke cause and effects

Stroke cause and effects


The following video clip shows some of the possible signs to look for if you suspect a person is having a stroke or TIA.

Stroke should be treated as a medical emergency. Even if the symptoms go away, the person should still seek urgent medical attention.

  • Face – is there any weakness on one side? Has the mouth or eye drooped?
  • Arms – is there any weakness? Can the person raise both arms?
  • Speech – can the person speak clearly and understand what you are saying to them?
  • Time to call 999 – By calling 999 the person can get to hospital quickly and receive vital treatment which can prevent further damage to the brain and speed recovery.


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(family chat and laugh)When a stroke strikes,

it spreads like a fire in the brain.

The longer it goes undetected, the more damage is done.

To spot the signs of a stroke, you have to think and act fast.

Has their face fallen on one side? Can they smile?

Can they raise both arms and keep them there?

Is their speech slurred?

Just like a fire,

it’s time to call 999

if you see any single one of these signs.

The faster you act, the more of a person you save.

Further information about Think FAST can be found on the Chest, Heart and Stroke website.