There are three processes which must happen for us to be able to remember.
- Processing Information This is taking information from around us and our senses and selecting which information is important and which is not. None of us can remember everything so the brain has to work out what we will need again.
- Storing information. To be able to use information again it has to be stored ready to be used when needed. This is our working memory.
- Recall/Remembering. This is our ability to take information we have and to apply it when needed in the right context at the right time. Functional memory.
After a stroke one or all of these processes may be lost or are not working as efficiently as they did before. The brain needs time to make new connections between areas which have been damaged and areas which are unaffected.